Located close to Moscow, Sergiev Posad is a charming town of Golden Ring, a very convenient destination for one-day trip from Moscow. Main tourist attraction of Sergiev Posad is the beautiful Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius – a fine example of old Russian architecture and one of the biggest monasteries in Russia.
- Region in Russia: Central Russia, Moscow Region, Golden Ring
- Topic: Sightseeing, Multiday trips, One-day trips
- Best Season: Summer, Autumn, Winter, Spring
- Family & Kids: Yes
Sergiev Posad – the beauty of the Trinity Lavra
If you want to feel the atmosphere of old Russia with its traditions and customs, unique architecture, old fortresses and white churches, if you are eager to see all the monasteries and church that hold within themselves a history of the whole country, if you can’t wait to heat the bells ringing their old sincere and beautiful melody, then the towns of the Golden Ring are waiting for you.
Sergiev Posad, the closest to Moscow town of the Golden Ring, offers its visitors the beautiful Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius – a fine example of old Russian architecture and a holly place for the Russians. St. Sergius of Radonezh, one of the most venerated Russian saints, founded a monastery which later on grew in the fortress and, eventually, into the town. Where to travel from Moscow? If you are staying in Moscow, and have an opportunity to make a short day trip – make sure to visit Sergiev Posad. The town will enchant you with the beauty of its old Russian architecture and Sergiev Posad’s main tourist attraction – Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius.
Do not hesitate to make one-day trip from Moscow to Sergiev Posad and enjoy the beauty of old Russian architecture and the beautiful Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius, one of the biggest monasteries in Russia.
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The History of Sergiev Posad
The town of Sergiev Posad, located close to Moscow, grew in 15th century around one of the biggest monasteries in Russia – the beautiful Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius. The monastery that gave a way to the town growth was founded in 1345 by St. Sergius of Radonezh, one of the most venerated Russian saints. The monastery played an important role on the history of Russia: it took part in fighting against the Tatars, opposed the Polish-Lithuanian forces during the Time of Troubles and supported Peter the Great in his opposition to Princess Sophia.
Throughout the years, the beautiful Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius became a center of orthodox Christianity in Central Russian. Nowadays, the monastery is considered to be a holly place for all Russians with pilgrims coming to see one of the biggest monasteries in Russia and to reverence St. Sergius of Radonezh, one of the most venerated Russian saints. Where to travel from Moscow? – that is what you ask. Sergiev Posad, a town of the Golden Ring, is a place truly connected to Russian history, and a very convenient destination for one-day trip from Moscow – make sure to see this charming Golden Ring town.
Sightseeing highlights of Sergiev Posad
Where to travel from Moscow? What to see outside Moscow? Located close to Moscow, Sergiev Posad is a very convenient destination for one-day trip from Moscow. The town is perfect for visits both in summer and winter seasons and has beautiful sights to offer to its visitors. Of course, main tourist attraction of Sergiev Posad is the beautiful Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius, one of the biggest monasteries in Russia. Let’s have a closer look at the sightseeing highlights of Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius.
A main example of old Russian architecture and one of the most important samples of the early Moscow architecture can be found in Sergiev Posad in the beautiful Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius. The majestic white-stoned Trinity Cathedral, the main cathedral of the monastery, is the oldest of all remaining churches in the Lavra. Built in 1422, the Trinity Cathedral is dedicated to the founder of the Trinity Lavra – St. Sergius of Radonezh, whose relics are kept there. The most important treasure of the Trinity Cathedral is a five-tier iconostasis, created by the most famous Russian painters – Andrei Rublev and Daniel Chorny. The copy of Andrei Rublev’s famous icon Trinity, that he created here in 15th century, is kept in the iconostasis of the Trinity Cathedral, while the original icon is exhibited in the Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow.
The sightseeing highlight of the Trinity Lavra and the tourist attraction in Sergiev Posad which gets the most attention from the visitors is the majestic blue-domed Assumption Cathedral, a fine example of old Russian architecture. Built by the order of Ivan the Terrible in 1585, the Cathedral follows the forms of the Assumption Cathedral in the Moscow Kremlin but is much larger than its Muscovite model. The iconostasis created in the 16th-18th centuries features the masterpiece – the icon of Last Supper – by famous Russian icon painter Simon Ushakov. The four blue domes and one gold dome in the middle are the harmonious center of the Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius and make the famous view on the town so unique and beautiful.
Empress Elizabeth particularly favoured the Trinity Lavra, and it was her who granted to the monastery the dignity of the Lavra. Another footprint of Elizabeth’s love for the beautiful Trinity Lavra is a white-and-blue baroque bell tower, another sightseeing highlight of the Trinity Lavra and a tourist attraction of Sergiev Posad in general. Finished in 1753, the 88 meters tall bell tower of the Trinity Lavra was the tallest structure in Russia of that time.
Other architectural highlights of the Trinity Lavra
What to see in Sergiev Posad next? Of course, we continue at the beautiful Trinity Lavra, main tourist attraction of Sergiev Posad.
Second oldest building of the Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius after the Trinity Cathedral is a little 15th century Church of the Holy Spirit with a beautiful charming single dome interestingly coloured in blue and gold. Although today the Church looks small, back in the 15th century its bell tower served as sightseeing point that helped to prevent unexpected attacks on the monastery.
In 1550s, 1.5 km-long white stone walls with 12 towers were built to surround the monastery and made it a well-protected fortress. Thanks to the walls, the monastery was able to withstand a 16-month Polish siege in 1608-1610. During the Polish siege a miraculous spring appeared, and light and bright Chapel-at-the-Well was later built over it. The Chapel-at-the-Well is located to the right of the entrance to Assumption Cathedral and is another sightseeing highlight of the Trinity Lavra.
The Refectory of St. Sergius is a famous tourist attraction and a fine example of Russian architecture as it features interesting facades design – dazzling checkboard. Covering the area of 510 m2, the Refectory was the largest hall in Russia of that time. Among other 17th-century structures in the Trinity Lavra there is a hospital with a tent church and the five-domed baroque style Church of John the Baptist’s Nativity built over one of the gates.
The Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius was of course a place to learn. In 1742 a seminary was founded there, and in 1814 it was replaced by an ecclesiastical academy which works till today.
The Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius can serve as a great example of Russian architecture of different times. There are early 15th century buildings that features old Russian architecture, there are baroque constructions, a tent church and a dazzling checkboard façade design and many more. The beautiful Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius, one of the biggest monasteries in Russia, is waiting for you to be discover on a short one-day tour from Moscow to Sergiev Posad or as a part of the Golden Ring multiday tour.
The Trinity Cathedral of the Trinity Lavra of St. Segius in Sergiev Posad © Best-of-Russia.net
The Assumption Cathedral of the Trinity Lavra of St. Segius in Sergiev Posad © Best-of-Russia.net
Bell Tower of the Trinity Lavra of St. Segius in Sergiev Posad © Best-of-Russia.net
Sergiev Posad- Location Map & Contact Information
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Sergiv Posad, Moscow Region, Russia
How to get there – ARRIVAL INFORMATION
Sergiev Posad is located 70km North-East from Moscow.
By car from Moscow: take M8 highway
By suburban train from Moscow: Yaroslavsky railway station is located on Komsomolskaya metro station (red line). Take any train which goes to Sergiev Posad or Aleksandrov. Trains go every 20-30 min, and the trip takes about 90 min.
From Sergiev Posad railway station it takes around 15-20 min to get to the Trinity Lavra by foot. Take 1st Rybnaya street at the far right hand side of the square in front of the Sergiev Posad railway station. Reach Prospekt Krasnoy Armii (the main street of the city, you will recognize it by its bigger size) and see the Trinity Lavra on your right. Follow Prospekt Krasnoy Armii till the Trinity Lavra.